The simple act of seeing—a task that many take for granted—can become a daily challenge for millions of people. At Brinton Vision, we understand the intricacies and anxieties tied to vision. If you’ve ever strained to see a distant sign while driving or felt the frustration of not recognizing someone waving from afar, you’re not alone. The reality of blurry distance vision, or what the medical community terms as ‘nearsightedness’ or ‘myopia,’ can be overwhelming.

But what if there was a way to not just understand but to overcome these challenges? To not just see, but to see clearly? At Brinton Vision, we believe in changing lives through the priceless gift of sight. We understand the weight of these concerns and the depth of questions that arise: What causes nearsightedness? How does it impact my eye health? Are glasses or contacts my only options? Can surgery be an answer for me?

In this guide, we’ll explore nearsightedness (myopia) in detail. With the expertise of Dr. Jason P. Brinton and the Brinton Vision team, we aim to provide clear answers and present options for better vision. Life is full of important moments, and clear vision is essential to experience them fully.

What is Nearsightedness (Myopia)?

Myopia, commonly known as nearsightedness, means that you can see near objects clearly but have trouble seeing distant objects. It is a refractive error in the human eye that impacts visual acuity. When someone has myopia, they often find themselves squinting to see distant objects like road signs, the scoreboard at a sports game, or an airplane in the sky. While a book or a smartphone screen close to their face might be perfectly sharp and in focus, a television across the room or a person standing several feet away might appear frustratingly out of focus. It’s akin to having a camera that can’t adjust its lens correctly for long-distance shots.

This discrepancy in clear vision isn’t just limited to distance. Those with myopia might find that even middle-range distances, such as recognizing a coworker from the other end of a hallway or viewing artwork in a museum, are effected. Activities like driving, especially at night when visual perception becomes even more crucial, can be particularly challenging for those with myopia. They might see the street lights and car headlights as more diffuse, with a halo-like appearance around them. Similarly, enjoying nature, like spotting a bird perched on a distant tree branch or admiring a scenic viewpoint, might require them to come much closer than those with normal vision.

Being nearsighted doesn’t mean that one’s vision is entirely compromised. In fact, tasks that require close-up focus, such as threading a needle, reading fine print, or intricate artwork, might be easily accomplished without the need for eyeglasses or contact lenses. However, the further an object, the more pronounced the blurriness becomes. It’s one of the most prevalent eye conditions, particularly among school-age children and adolescents in the United States, making it crucial for regular eye exams and timely interventions.

Can LASIK treat nearsightedness?

Yes, LASIK is highly effective at treating nearsightedness. The clinical success rates for treating myopia with LASIK are excellent. LASIK has one of the highest success and satisfaction rates of any elective procedure, with 96% of LASIK patients reporting high satisfaction after treatment.

Brinton Vision’s Approach

At Brinton Vision, our commitment to eye health extends beyond simple vision correction. Dr. Jason P. Brinton and our team of experts in ophthalmology prioritize a comprehensive eye examination for each patient. Through advanced diagnostics like corneal topography, we determine the degree of nearsightedness and the most suitable corrective measures.

We believe in offering solutions that resonate with individual needs, whether it’s LASIK, EVO ICL, custom lens replacement (CLR), or PRK. Our approach is rooted in our dedication to giving each patient the clearest vision possible. Remember, so much of life is taken in through our eyes. Don’t let myopia cloud your visual perception or limit your experiences. With Brinton Vision, clear sight is within reach.

Why Brinton Vision is the Best Choice for Correcting Nearsightedness

Choosing the right eye care provider for your visual health is essential, especially when addressing a common refractive error like myopia. Brinton Vision stands out as the premier destination for myopia correction for several reasons.

Comprehensive Eye Care and Expertise

At Brinton Vision, our focus is singular: to provide the best solutions for your visual impairments. Spearheaded by Dr. Jason Brinton, a leading expert in ophthalmology, our team combines years of experience with a deep understanding of the unique needs of every patient. We recognize that each individual’s eye is different, and so is their journey with nearsightedness.

  1. Leading-Edge Technology – Our commitment to our patients drives us to harness the latest advancements in eye care technology. We utilize state-of-the-art tools, such as corneal topography and retinoscopy, to make accurate medical diagnoses. This ensures we understand the exact degree of nearsightedness and any associated risk factors before recommending treatment.
  2. Tailored Solutions – Given our understanding that glasses or contact lenses might not be the preferred solution for everyone, Brinton Vision offers a range of corrective surgery options:
    • LASIK: A laser-assisted procedure that reshapes the cornea, thus improving the eye’s ability to focus light rays onto the retina. It’s a popular choice for its quick recovery time and long-lasting results.
    • PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy): A procedure where the cornea’s outer layer is gently removed, and then reshaped using a laser. It’s especially suitable for patients with thinner corneas.
    • EVO ICL (Implantable Collamer Lens): EVO ICL is an implantable contact lens that can be placed behind the iris in a 15-minute, minimally-invasive, office procedure. ICLs are soft and pliable, deliver crisp and sharp vision, and can correct a wide range of myopia and astigmatism beyond the range of lasers. Since Sept. 1993, over a million ICLs have been used worldwide and have become the procedure of choice for many patients, including some who also qualify for LASIK, SMILE, and PRK.EVO ICL includes benefits over other procedures such as UV blocking, minimal if any dryness, and superior quality night vision. With ICL, no corneal tissue is removed; the cornea is preserved, allowing maximum flexibility with future procedures. Implantable contact lenses can stay in the eye for life, but can also be removed or updated to address changing vision needs.
    • Custom Lens Replacement: An innovative solution that replaces the eye’s natural lens with an intraocular lens tailored to the patient’s specific visual needs.
    • SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction): A groundbreaking laser procedure that reshapes the cornea through a small incision, eliminating the need to create a full corneal flap. It’s an alternative to traditional LASIK, resulting in reduced dry eye symptoms.

    These procedures, among others, aim to provide what we term as “visual freedom” – the ability to experience life without the hindrance of glasses or contacts.

  3. Patient-Centric Approach – We believe in a holistic approach to eye care. From your initial eye examination to post-surgery follow-ups, every step is taken with utmost care. Our team is dedicated to ensuring your comfort, addressing any concerns, and answering all your questions. The numerous testimonials and success stories of patients who have achieved visual clarity through Brinton Vision are proof of our commitment.
  4. A Legacy of Excellence – Brinton Vision’s reputation is built on a foundation of trust, expertise, and results. Dr. Jason Brinton’s recognition in the field of refractive surgery, combined with our team’s relentless pursuit of excellence, ensures that our patients receive unparalleled care. We are affiliated with trusted institutions, including the American Academy of Ophthalmology and the American Optometric Association, underscoring our position as leaders in the field.

The Journey to Clear Vision

At Brinton Vision, we don’t just correct myopia; we transform lives. With our wide range of solutions and a team that genuinely cares, your journey to clear vision is in the best hands. Embrace a life where distant objects are as clear as near ones, and where the beauty of the world isn’t blurred by refractive errors. Choose Brinton Vision – because every moment, every sight, deserves to be experienced in its purest form.

Clear vision is essential for everyday life. At Brinton Vision, we specialize in providing advanced solutions for visual impairments like myopia. If you’re considering a permanent solution beyond glasses and contacts, contact our team today. Schedule an appointment and explore your options for achieving optimal visual clarity.

Are you ready to take the next step in your visual freedom?

A Deeper Look at Nearsighteness

We’ve discussed what nearsightedness is, but what exactly causes this blurred distance vision? Let’s delve deeper.

The Basics of Vision

Our eyes focus light to give us clear vision. In a normally functioning eye, light rays enter through the cornea, pass through the lens, and then focus precisely on the retina at the back of the eye. The retina then sends signals to the brain via the optic nerve, allowing us to perceive our surroundings.

In the case of myopia, these light rays focus in front of the retina instead of directly on it. This misalignment is primarily due to the elongation of the eyeball or a curve in the cornea that’s steeper than usual. The result? Distant objects appear blurry in our field of vision.

Causes of Myopia

Research has shown that both genetics and environmental factors play a role in the development of myopia. A family history of nearsightedness increases the risk factor for a child. Yet, environmental factors, such as increased screen time on computers and reduced time outdoors, have also been linked to a higher prevalence of myopia in recent years.

Health Implications

While wearing glasses or contact lenses often corrects myopia, it’s essential to understand the broader implications of the condition. Nearsightedness isn’t just an inconvenience; it comes with a series of health concerns:

  • Higher Risk of Other Eye Conditions: People with severe myopia are at a higher risk of developing serious eye conditions like glaucoma, retinal detachment, and macular degeneration.
  • Eye Strain: Struggling to focus on distant objects can lead to eye strain, leading to headaches and visual stress.
  • Progression of Nearsightedness: Without proper intervention, myopia can worsen over time, especially during adolescence when the eye is still growing.

Are you ready to take the next step in your visual freedom?

More FAQ’s About Nearsightedness (Myopia)

What are the signs and symptoms of myopia (nearsightedness)?

The primary symptom of myopia is blurred vision when looking at distant objects. This can cause difficulty in activities like driving, watching a movie, or seeing the chalkboard in school. Other symptoms can include headaches, eye strain, or needing to squint to see clearly. If you notice these issues, it’s essential to visit an eye doctor, like the experts at Brinton Vision, for a comprehensive eye examination.

How does refraction relate to myopia?

Refraction refers to the bending of light as it passes through the eye. In myopia, due to the shape of the eye, light focuses in front of the retina instead of directly on it, leading to blurry vision for distant objects. An eye examination, using specialized tools like a phoropter, auto refractor Pentacam, can determine the degree of your refractive error. Dr. Brinton uses advanced diagnostic tools at Brinton Vision to precisely assess and correct refractive errors.

Is there a connection between cataract and myopia?

While cataracts and myopia are distinct eye conditions, individuals with high myopia might have an increased risk of developing cataracts earlier in life. Regular eye exams at Brinton Vision can monitor for cataracts and other eye health concerns, ensuring early detection and management.

Can eye exercises correct myopia?

While eye exercises, often referred to as vision therapy, can be beneficial for specific conditions like lazy eye or certain vision-related learning disabilities, they aren’t proven to correct myopia effectively. At Brinton Vision, Dr. Brinton recommends personalized solutions like LASIK, PRK, EVO ICL, or SMILE surgeries for lasting myopia correction.

What are the risks of nearsightedness in children?

Children with progressive myopia are at a higher risk for complications like detached retina, glaucoma, and even certain types of cataracts as they grow older. Early diagnosis and myopia control strategies can slow the progression of myopia in children. Brinton Vision offers advanced treatments and guidance to manage childhood myopia.

Why might my eyeglass prescription keep changing?

Myopia progression can result in changes to your eyeglass or contact lens prescription, especially during adolescence when the eye is still growing. Regular vision screenings can monitor these changes. If you’re tired of frequently updating your prescription, consult with Dr. Brinton at Brinton Vision about refractive surgeries that offer long-term vision correction.

Is LASIK surgery a good solution for nearsightedness?

Absolutely. LASIK is a laser eye surgery that reshapes the cornea, correcting refractive errors like myopia. Many patients achieve 20/20 vision or better after LASIK. Dr. Brinton, a leading refractive surgeon at Brinton Vision, offers LASIK along with other advanced procedures like PRK, EVO ICL, SMILE, CLR to provide tailored solutions for patients.

How does high blood pressure or diabetes affect myopia?

Both hypertension (high blood pressure) and diabetes can lead to changes in the eye’s anatomy, potentially exacerbating myopia or problems that can affect vision. Regular eye exams, especially for those with these conditions, are crucial. Brinton Vision emphasizes comprehensive eye care to address all aspects of your eye health.

Is it necessary to wear sunglasses if I have myopia?

Yes, wearing sunglasses can protect your eyes from harmful UV rays, which may exacerbate myopia and other eye conditions. It’s advisable to choose sunglasses with full UV protection. At Brinton Vision, we can guide you on the best eye care practices to protect and enhance your vision.

When should I request an appointment for a vision test?

If you experience symptoms of myopia like blurry distance vision, eye strain, or frequent headaches, or if it’s been more than a year since your last eye exam, it’s time to schedule a vision test. Dr. Brinton and the Brinton Vision team are committed to providing top-notch eye care, ensuring your vision is at its best.

Can astigmatism occur alongside myopia?

Yes, astigmatism, which is caused by an irregularly shaped cornea or lens, can coexist with myopia. This condition affects how light is refracted, leading to blurred or distorted vision at all distances. To correct both refractive errors, Brinton Vision offers comprehensive solutions like LASIK and PRK.

What’s the difference between myopia and far-sightedness?

While myopia (nearsightedness) results in difficulty seeing distant objects clearly, hyperopia (farsightedness) does the opposite: it makes close objects appear blurry. The cause relates to where light focuses in the eye. Dr. Brinton offers a range of treatments at Brinton Vision tailored to each specific refractive error.

Are there any potential side effects of refractive surgeries like LASIK or SMILE?

As with any surgical procedure, there are potential risks. Side effects might include dry eyes, halos, or glare, and sensitivity especially in bright light. However, with an experienced eye surgeon like Dr. Brinton, these risks are minimal, and the majority of patients are highly satisfied with their outcomes.

How does a phakic intraocular lens differ from other corrective lenses?

A phakic intraocular lens is an artificial lens implanted inside the eye without removing the natural lens. It works in conjunction with your natural lens to correct refractive errors like myopia. At Brinton Vision, Dr. Brinton provides detailed consultations to determine the best intraocular lens solution for each patient.

Can vitamin deficiencies affect myopia progression?

While the primary factors influencing myopia are genetics and environmental conditions like excessive near work, some evidence suggests that certain vitamin deficiencies might play a role in its progression. For comprehensive eye and vision care, Brinton Vision evaluates all potential factors impacting your eye health.

How does orthokeratology (ortho-k) relate to myopia control?

Orthokeratology involves wearing specially designed rigid contact lenses overnight to reshape the cornea temporarily. This can reduce the need for glasses or contact lenses during the day and might help in slowing the progression of myopia in children. Dr. Brinton can discuss the potential benefits and risks of ortho-k as part of a comprehensive myopia management plan.

Are there degenerative forms of myopia?

Yes, degenerative or pathological myopia is a severe form of nearsightedness that progresses rapidly and can lead to significant visual impairment. This form is associated with a higher risk of complications like retinal detachments. Brinton Vision offers specialized care and guidance for those with advanced or atypical forms of myopia.

Do floaters indicate a problem related to myopia?

Floaters, which appear as small specks or strands drifting in your field of vision, can be more common in people with high myopia. While often benign, a sudden increase in floaters, cob webs, floating circles, especially accompanied by flashing lights or curtain/veil over vision, might indicate a retinal detachment, which is a medical emergency. Regular check-ups at Brinton Vision can help monitor and address any eye-related concerns.

How often should adults get vision screenings?

Adults, especially those with known vision issues like myopia, should have regular vision screenings. An annual check-up is standard, but frequency might vary based on individual health and risk factors. Dr. Brinton and the team at Brinton Vision are dedicated to ensuring your eye health remains optimal throughout your life.

Can spending too much time on screens affect myopia in children?

Increased screen time, especially at close distances, has been linked to the rise in nearsightedness among school-age children. Regular breaks and ensuring proper lighting can help.

How is strabismus related to myopia, and how is it treated?

Strabismus, often referred to as “crossed eyes,” is a condition where the eyes don’t align correctly, often due to muscle imbalances around the eye. While not directly caused by myopia (nearsightedness), both conditions can coexist. Eye doctors in the field of optometry or ophthalmology typically diagnose strabismus through various eye muscle tests. Treatments can range from wearing corrective lenses with prism, eye exercises, or even surgery in some cases. Regular health care and guidance from a trusted health care provider like Brinton Vision can ensure proper treatment.

What are the primary causes of myopia?

The exact causes of myopia are multifactorial, encompassing both genetic and environmental factors. One major theory is that extensive near work, such as time spent reading or using screens, encourages the eye’s growth in a way that focuses light in front of the retina instead of on it, leading to nearsightedness. Recent clinical trials are also exploring the potential effects of various factors, including the prolonged indoor time and the limited exposure to natural light, on the development of myopia.

How can eye drops help in myopia management?

Certain eye drops, specifically those containing atropine, have been studied for myopia prevention and control. Low-dose atropine drops can slow down the progression of near-sightedness in some individuals, especially children. However, the exact mechanism is not fully understood, and more research is ongoing. It’s essential to consult with an eye doctor before starting any treatment to understand the benefits, potential side effects, and other considerations.

Can you explain the difference between diopter and visual field in optometry?

Certainly. In optometry, a diopter is a unit of measurement used to define the optical power of a lens or mirror. It helps eye doctors determine the prescription needed to correct nearsightedness or other refractive errors. On the other hand, the visual field refers to the total area an individual can see without moving their eyes, encompassing central and peripheral vision. Various eye diseases or pathologies, like glaucoma, can impact the visual field. Regular check-ups can help monitor changes in both diopters and visual field to provide timely care.

Are there ways to prevent or slow down the progression of myopia?

Yes, myopia prevention and control strategies have gained attention, especially with increasing cases in school-age children. Approaches include spending more outdoor time, controlling the amount of close-up work, and using specialized optics like orthokeratology lenses. In some cases, low-dose atropine eye drops may be prescribed. Additionally, laser surgery, while primarily for adults, is another method to correct nearsightedness. Brinton Vision is at the forefront of providing solutions and guidance in myopia treatments, ensuring your eye health is prioritized.

Dr. Jason P. Brinton is an internationally recognized specialist in the field of LASIK and refractive surgery. He is a graduate of Harvard College, earned his medical doctorate from the Harvard Medical School and is board certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology.